If you have vitiligo, you know that there are certain foods to avoid. But what about the foods you didn’t know were bad for you? This article will take a closer look at vitiligo, how to treat it and what foods you should avoid.

Vitiligo Causes

There is no one agreed-upon vitiligo cause, but most experts think it’s an autoimmune disease. In autoimmune diseases, the body mistakenly attacks healthy cells. In vitiligo, the body may mistake melanocytes (cells that give skin its color) as unhealthy and start to destroy them.

This process usually starts slowly, with patches of pale skin appearing over time. The patches may be small at first and then grow and spread. They can occur anywhere on the body, but they’re most noticeable on parts of the body that get a lot of sun exposure, like the face, hands, and feet.

The exact cause of vitiligo is still unknown, but there are some theories about what might trigger it:

  • Genetics: Vitiligo seems to run in families, so there may be a genetic predisposition for the condition.
  • Environmental factors: Some experts believe that certain environmental triggers (like sun exposure or stress) may play a role in activating vitiligo in people who are predisposed to the condition.
  • Autoimmune disorders: People with other autoimmune disorders (like thyroid disease or diabetes) seem to be more likely to develop vitiligo.

Whatever the cause, the result is the same: The melanocytes in the affected area are destroyed and no longer produce pigment. This causes the skin in that area to lose its color and become pale or white.

Vitiligo Treatments

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There is no one-size-fits-all vitiligo treatment. The best approach depends on the size, location and severity of your vitiligo, as well as your preferences and lifestyle.

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Topical treatments

Topical corticosteroids are the most commonly prescribed vitiligo treatment. They can be effective, especially when used early in the disease process. However, they carry a risk of side effects, including skin atrophy (thinning), striae (stretch marks) and telangiectasias (visible blood vessels).

Calcineurin inhibitors are another type of topical medication that can be used to treat vitiligo. These medications work by suppressing the immune system and can be effective in preventing the spread of vitiligo. However, they also carry a risk of side effects, including skin irritation, burning and redness.

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Systemic treatments

Systemic corticosteroids are taken orally or injected and work by suppressing the immune system. They can be effective in treating vitiligo, but they come with a risk of serious side effects, including diabetes, high blood pressure and osteoporosis. As such, they are typically only prescribed for short-term use.

Phototherapy is a type of light therapy that involves exposing the skin to controlled amounts of ultraviolet (UV) light. It is often used in conjunction with other treatments, such as topical corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors. Phototherapy can be effective in treating vitiligo, but it carries a risk of skin cancer. As such, it should only be used under the supervision of a board-certified dermatologist or other healthcare provider.

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Surgery is an option for treating Vitiligo patients who do not respond to other treatments or who have extensive disease.

Surgical options include grafting (taking healthy skin from another area of the body and attaching it to the affected area), tattooing (depositing pigment into the skin) and laser therapy (destroying pigment cells with light).

Surgery is typically reserved for cases where other treatments have failed or when Vitiligo affects visible areas of the body, such as the face or hands.

The Best Vitiligo Diet

If you have vitiligo, you may be wondering what the best vitiligo diet is. Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best diet for vitiligo will vary from person to person. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you create a vitiligo diet that is right for you.

In general, the best vitiligo diet is one that is high in antioxidants and vitamin C. Antioxidants help to protect the skin from damage, while vitamin C is essential for collagen production. Collagen helps to keep the skin supple and elastic, so it is important for preventing vitiligo from spreading.

Some specific foods that are high in antioxidants and vitamin C include:

  • Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruit
  • Berries such as strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries
  • Green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale
  • Tomatoes
  • Red peppers
  • Sweet potatoes

In addition to eating foods that are high in antioxidants and vitamin C, it is also important to avoid foods that can trigger or worsen vitiligo. Trigger foods include:

by avoiding trigger foods, you can help to keep your vitiligo under control.

Avoid These Foods

One way to help manage vitiligo is to avoid certain foods that are known to trigger or worsen the condition. Here is a list of foods to avoid if you have vitiligo:

  • citrus fruits
  • tomatoes
  • strawberries
  • berries
  • fatty foods
  • spicy foods
  • caffeine
  • alcohol

Frequently Asked Questions

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Is vitiligo contagious?

No, vitiligo is not contagious. You cannot catch it from someone else, and you cannot pass it on to others.

How does vitiligo affect the skin?

Vitiligo affects the skin by causing the loss of pigment (color). The affected skin can be light or dark. patches of vitiligo can spread, and may cover much of the body.

Is there a cure for vitiligo?

There is no cure for vitiligo, but there are treatments that can help to restore some pigment to the affected areas of skin. These include topical creams and ointments, light therapy, and surgery.

How can I prevent vitiligo from spreading?

There is no sure way to prevent vitiligo from spreading. However, some people find that using sunscreen and avoiding sun exposure helps to prevent new patches from forming.


In conclusion, if you have vitiligo you need to avoid certain foods in order to prevent your condition from worsening. Some of these foods include citrus fruits, spices, and tomatoes. While it may be difficult to eliminate all of these foods from your diet, it is important to avoid them as much as possible in order to keep your vitiligo under control.


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